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class=\"search mw-ui-background-icon-search skin-minerva-search-trigger\" type=\"search\" name=\"search\" id=\"searchInput\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\tautocomplete=\"off\" placeholder=\"\u0418\u0441\u043a\u0430\u0442\u044c \u0432 \u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u0438\" aria-label=\"\u0418\u0441\u043a\u0430\u0442\u044c \u0432 \u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u0438\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\tvalue=\"\">\n\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t<nav class=\"minerva-user-navigation\" aria-label=\"\u041f\u043e\u043b\u044c\u0437\u043e\u0432\u0430\u0442\u0435\u043b\u044c\u0441\u043a\u0430\u044f \u043d\u0430\u0432\u0438\u0433\u0430\u0446\u0438\u044f\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<div><button id=\"searchIcon\" class=\"mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-wikimedia-search-base20 skin-minerva-search-trigger\" type=\"submit\">\u041d\u0430\u0439\u0442\u0438<\/button><\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t<\/nav>\n\t\t\t<\/form>\n\t\t<\/header>\n\t\t<main id=\"content\" class=\"mw-body\">\n\t\t\t<div class=\"banner-container\">\n\t\t\t<div id=\"siteNotice\"><\/div>\n\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\n\t\t\t<div class=\"pre-content heading-holder\">\n\t\t\t\t<div class=\"page-heading\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<h1 id=\"section_0\"><\/h1>\n\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"tagline\"><\/div>\n\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t<div class=\"minerva__subtitle\"><\/div>\n\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t<div id=\"bodyContent\" class=\"content\"><div id=\"mw-content-text\" lang=\"ru\" dir=\"ltr\" class=\"mw-content-ltr\"><script>function mfTempOpenSection(id){var block=document.getElementById(\"mf-section-\"+id);block.className+=\" open-block\";block.previousSibling.className+=\" open-block\";}<\/script><div class=\"mw-parser-output\"><section class=\"mf-section-0\" id=\"mf-section-0\"><style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r104610345\">.mw-parser-output .main-header{border-bottom-color:transparent;margin-bottom:0.25em;margin-top:0;padding-bottom:0;padding-top:0}.mw-parser-output .main-plainlist>ul{list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .main-plainlist li{margin-bottom:0}.mw-parser-output .main-top-right .mw-ui-quiet:hover,.mw-parser-output .main-top-right .mw-ui-quiet:focus,.mw-parser-output .main-footer .mw-ui-quiet:hover,.mw-parser-output .main-footer .mw-ui-quiet:focus{color:#0645ad}.mw-parser-output .mw-headline-number{display:none}@media(min-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia{padding-top:1rem;padding-left:1rem;padding-right:1rem}}@media(min-width:1000px){.mw-parser-output .main-wrapper{display:flex;margin:0 -0.75rem}.mw-parser-output .main-wrapper-column{flex:1;margin:0 0.75rem}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia{padding-top:1.5rem;padding-left:1.5rem;padding-right:1.5rem}}<\/style><style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r104610350\">.mw-parser-output .main-top{font-size:1rem;margin-top:1rem;padding-bottom:1.5rem}.mw-parser-output .main-top-left>p{font-size:0.875em;margin:0}.mw-parser-output .main-top-right{font-size:0.875em;margin-top:0.5em}.mw-parser-output .main-top-right>ul{display:none;margin-top:0.5rem}.mw-parser-output .main-top-right .mw-ui-button.mw-ui-quiet{padding-right:0}.mw-parser-output .main-top-header{border-bottom:0;margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0}.mw-parser-output .main-top-articleCount{margin-bottom:0}body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .main-top-articleCount{display:none}.mw-parser-output .main-top-mobileSearch{display:none;margin-top:1rem}body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .main-top-mobileSearch{display:block}.mw-parser-output .main-top-mobileSearchButton{background:#fff;border:none;box-shadow:0 2px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.25);color:#72777d;font-weight:normal;max-width:none;text-align:left;width:100%}@media(min-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .main-top{background-color:#f8f9fa;border:1px solid #c8ccd1;border-radius:2px;box-shadow:0 1px 1px rgba(0,0,0,.15);margin-bottom:1rem;padding:1rem}.mw-parser-output .main-top-right>ul{display:flex;flex-wrap:wrap}.mw-parser-output .main-top-articleCount{margin-bottom:0.5rem}body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .main-top-articleCount{display:block}body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .main-top-mobileSearch{display:none}}@media(min-width:1000px){.mw-parser-output .main-top{align-items:center;background-image:url(\"https:\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/e\/e3\/Wikipedia_logo_letters_banner.svg\");background-position:right;background-repeat:no-repeat;display:flex;margin-bottom:1.5rem;margin-top:0.5rem;padding-bottom:0;padding-left:0;padding-right:1.5rem;padding-top:0}.mw-parser-output .main-top-left{background-image:linear-gradient(to right,#f8f9fa 0%,#f8f9fa 70%,rgba(248,249,250,0)100%);flex:3;padding:2rem 0 2rem 1.5rem}.mw-parser-output .main-top-right{flex:2;margin-top:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output .main-top-right>ul{align-items:center;flex-direction:row-reverse;justify-content:right;margin-top:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .main-top-createArticle+li .mw-ui-button.mw-ui-quiet{padding-right:1em}}<\/style><div class=\"main-top\">\n<div class=\"main-top-left\">\n<h1 class=\"main-top-header\"><span id=\".D0.94.D0.BE.D0.B1.D1.80.D0.BE_.D0.BF.D0.BE.D0.B6.D0.B0.D0.BB.D0.BE.D0.B2.D0.B0.D1.82.D1.8C_.D0.B2_.D0.92.D0.B8.D0.BA.D0.B8.D0.BF.D0.B5.D0.B4.D0.B8.D1.8E.2C\"><\/span><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\u0414\u043e\u0431\u0440\u043e_\u043f\u043e\u0436\u0430\u043b\u043e\u0432\u0430\u0442\u044c_\u0432_\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u044e,\">\u0414\u043e\u0431\u0440\u043e \u043f\u043e\u0436\u0430\u043b\u043e\u0432\u0430\u0442\u044c \u0432\u00a0<a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%92%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%8F\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u044f\">\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u044e<\/a>,<\/span><\/h1>\n<p><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B9_%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82\" title=\"\u0421\u0432\u043e\u0431\u043e\u0434\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u043a\u043e\u043d\u0442\u0435\u043d\u0442\">\u0441\u0432\u043e\u0431\u043e\u0434\u043d\u0443\u044e \u044d\u043d\u0446\u0438\u043a\u043b\u043e\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u044e<\/a>, \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043e\u0440\u0443\u044e <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BA%D0%B0:%D0%92%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%B2_%D0%92%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%8E\" title=\"\u0421\u043f\u0440\u0430\u0432\u043a\u0430:\u0412\u0432\u0435\u0434\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435 \u0432 \u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u044e\">\u043c\u043e\u0436\u0435\u0442 \u0440\u0435\u0434\u0430\u043a\u0442\u0438\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0430\u0442\u044c \u043a\u0430\u0436\u0434\u044b\u0439<\/a>.\n<\/p>\n<div class=\"main-top-mobileSearch\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%BB%D1%83%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%B1%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F:%D0%9F%D0%BE%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BA\" title=\"\u0421\u043b\u0443\u0436\u0435\u0431\u043d\u0430\u044f:\u041f\u043e\u0438\u0441\u043a\"><span class=\"mw-ui-button main-top-mobileSearchButton skin-minerva-search-trigger\">\u0418\u0441\u043a\u0430\u0442\u044c \u0441\u0440\u0435\u0434\u0438 1\u00a0668\u00a0790 \u0441\u0442\u0430\u0442\u0435\u0439<\/span><\/a><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class=\"main-top-right main-plainlist\">\n<p class=\"main-top-articleCount\">\u0421\u0435\u0439\u0447\u0430\u0441 \u0432\u00a0\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u0438 <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%BB%D1%83%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%B1%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F:%D0%A1%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B0\" title=\"\u0421\u043b\u0443\u0436\u0435\u0431\u043d\u0430\u044f:\u0421\u0442\u0430\u0442\u0438\u0441\u0442\u0438\u043a\u0430\">1\u00a0668\u00a0790 \u0441\u0442\u0430\u0442\u0435\u0439<\/a><\/b> \u043d\u0430\u00a0<a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A0%D1%83%D1%81%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D1%8F%D0%B7%D1%8B%D0%BA\" title=\"\u0420\u0443\u0441\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u044f\u0437\u044b\u043a\">\u0440\u0443\u0441\u0441\u043a\u043e\u043c \u044f\u0437\u044b\u043a\u0435<\/a>.<\/p>\n<ul><li class=\"main-top-createArticle\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%92%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%8F:%D0%9C%D0%B0%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80_%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B9\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u044f:\u041c\u0430\u0441\u0442\u0435\u0440 \u0441\u0442\u0430\u0442\u0435\u0439\"><span class=\"mw-ui-button\">\u0421\u043e\u0437\u0434\u0430\u0442\u044c \u0441\u0442\u0430\u0442\u044c\u044e<\/span><\/a><\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%92%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%8F:%D0%A1%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BA%D0%B0\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u044f:\u0421\u043f\u0440\u0430\u0432\u043a\u0430\"><span class=\"mw-ui-button mw-ui-quiet\">\u0421\u043f\u0440\u0430\u0432\u043a\u0430<\/span><\/a><\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BB:%D0%9E%D0%B1%D0%B7%D0%BE%D1%80\" title=\"\u041f\u043e\u0440\u0442\u0430\u043b:\u041e\u0431\u0437\u043e\u0440\"><span class=\"mw-ui-button mw-ui-quiet\">\u041f\u043e\u0440\u0442\u0430\u043b\u044b<\/span><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class=\"main-wrapper\">\n<div class=\"main-wrapper-column\">\n<style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r104610356\">.mw-parser-output .main-box{background:#fff;border:solid #c8ccd1;border-width:1px 0;box-shadow:0 1px 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.15);margin:0 -1rem 1.5rem;padding:1rem}.mw-parser-output .main-box>p:last-child{margin-bottom:0}.mw-parser-output .main-box-image-only>.main-box-content{margin:0.5rem -1rem 0;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .main-box-image-only>.main-box-content img{height:auto;max-width:100%}.mw-parser-output .main-box-imageCaption{text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .main-box-imageCaption>p{display:inline-block;margin-bottom:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .main-box-subtitle{color:#72777d;line-height:1.25;margin-top:-.125em}.mw-parser-output .main-box-header{margin-top:-.15em}.mw-parser-output .main-box-header a{color:inherit}.mw-parser-output .main-box-subtitle+.main-box-header{margin-top:0}.mw-parser-output .main-box-header a:focus,.mw-parser-output .main-box:hover .main-box-header a,.mw-parser-output .main-box:hover .main-featuredLists-item>a{color:#0645ad}.mw-parser-output .main-footer{display:flex;justify-content:flex-end;margin-top:1rem;position:relative}.mw-parser-output .main-footer:empty{display:none}.mw-parser-output .main-footer-actions{flex:1}.mw-parser-output .main-footer-actions>ul{align-items:center;display:flex}.mw-parser-output .main-footer-menu{align-items:stretch;display:flex}.mw-parser-output .main-footer-menuToggle{align-items:center;display:flex;float:none;height:100%;opacity:0.87}.mw-parser-output .main-footer-menuToggle:hover{opacity:0.51}.mw-parser-output .main-footer-menuDropdown{background:#fff;border:1px solid #a2a9b1;border-radius:2px;box-shadow:0 2px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.25);max-width:15em;position:absolute;right:0;top:100%;z-index:100}.mw-parser-output .main-footer-menuDropdown .mw-ui-button{text-align:left;width:100%}@media(max-width:719px){.mw-parser-output .main-box-responsive-image>.floatleft,.mw-parser-output .main-box-responsive-image>.floatright{float:none;margin-left:-1rem;margin-right:-1rem;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .main-box-responsive-image>.floatleft>a,.mw-parser-output .main-box-responsive-image>.floatright>a{display:block}}@media(min-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .main-box{border-radius:2px;border-width:1px;margin-bottom:1rem;margin-left:0;margin-right:0}}@media(min-width:1000px){.mw-parser-output .main-box{margin-bottom:1.5rem;padding:1.5rem}.mw-parser-output .main-box-image-only>.main-box-content{margin-left:-1.5rem;margin-right:-1.5rem}}<\/style><div id=\"main-tfa\" class=\"main-box main-box-responsive-image\"><div class=\"main-box-subtitle\">\u0418\u0437\u0431\u0440\u0430\u043d\u043d\u0430\u044f \u0441\u0442\u0430\u0442\u044c\u044f<\/div><h2 class=\"main-header main-box-header in-block\"><span id=\".D0.9F.D0.B5.D1.81.D1.86.D0.B5.D0.BD.D0.BD.D0.B8.D0.B9_.D0.9D.D0.B8.D0.B3.D0.B5.D1.80\"><\/span><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0439_\u041d\u0438\u0433\u0435\u0440\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%86%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%B3%D0%B5%D1%80\" title=\"\u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u041d\u0438\u0433\u0435\u0440\">\u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u041d\u0438\u0433\u0435\u0440<\/a><\/span><\/h2>\n<div class=\"floatright\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%86%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%B3%D0%B5%D1%80\" title=\"\u0414\u0435\u043d\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0439 \u0441 \u043f\u043e\u0440\u0442\u0440\u0435\u0442\u043e\u043c \u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u044f \u041d\u0438\u0433\u0435\u0440\u0430\"><img alt=\"\u0414\u0435\u043d\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0439 \u0441 \u043f\u043e\u0440\u0442\u0440\u0435\u0442\u043e\u043c \u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u044f \u041d\u0438\u0433\u0435\u0440\u0430\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/1\/18\/Denarius-Pescennius_Niger-RIC_0015var.jpg\/200px-Denarius-Pescennius_Niger-RIC_0015var.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"200\" height=\"95\" data-file-width=\"500\" data-file-height=\"237\"><\/a><\/div>\n<p><b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%86%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%B3%D0%B5%D1%80\" title=\"\u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u041d\u0438\u0433\u0435\u0440\">\u0413\u0430\u0439 \u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u0301\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u041d\u0438\u0301\u0433\u0435\u0440 \u042e\u0441\u0442<\/a><\/b> (<a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9B%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D1%8F%D0%B7%D1%8B%D0%BA\" title=\"\u041b\u0430\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u044f\u0437\u044b\u043a\">\u043b\u0430\u0442.<\/a>\u00a0<span lang=\"la\" style=\"font-style:italic;\">Gaius Pescennius Niger Iustus<\/span>; \u0440\u043e\u0434\u0438\u043b\u0441\u044f \u043f\u0440\u0435\u0434\u043f\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0436\u0438\u0442\u0435\u043b\u044c\u043d\u043e \u043c\u0435\u0436\u0434\u0443 135 \u0438 140 \u0433\u043e\u0434\u0430\u043c\u0438, <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%90%D0%BA%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%BE\" title=\"\u0410\u043a\u0432\u0438\u043d\u043e\">\u0410\u043a\u0432\u0438\u043d<\/a>, \u0418\u0442\u0430\u043b\u0438\u044f\u00a0\u2014 \u043f\u043e\u0433\u0438\u0431 \u043e\u0441\u0435\u043d\u044c\u044e 194\/\u0432\u0435\u0441\u043d\u043e\u0439 195 \u0433\u043e\u0434\u0430 \u043b\u0438\u0431\u043e \u043f\u043e\u0434 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%98%D1%81%D1%81\" title=\"\u0418\u0441\u0441\">\u0418\u0441\u0441\u043e\u043c<\/a>, \u043b\u0438\u0431\u043e \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%90%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BE%D1%85%D0%B8%D1%8F-%D0%BD%D0%B0-%D0%9E%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B5\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u0410\u043d\u0442\u0438\u043e\u0445\u0438\u044f-\u043d\u0430-\u041e\u0440\u043e\u043d\u0442\u0435\">\u0410\u043d\u0442\u0438\u043e\u0445\u0438\u0438<\/a>, \u043b\u0438\u0431\u043e \u043d\u0430 \u0431\u0435\u0440\u0435\u0433\u0443 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%95%D0%B2%D1%84%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%82\" title=\"\u0415\u0432\u0444\u0440\u0430\u0442\">\u0415\u0432\u0444\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0430<\/a>)\u00a0\u2014 \u0440\u0438\u043c\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u0438\u043c\u043f\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0442\u043e\u0440 \u0432 193\u2014194\/195\u00a0\u0433\u043e\u0434\u0430\u0445, \u043a\u043e\u043d\u0442\u0440\u043e\u043b\u0438\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0430\u0432\u0448\u0438\u0439 \u0442\u043e\u043b\u044c\u043a\u043e \u0432\u043e\u0441\u0442\u043e\u0447\u043d\u0443\u044e \u0447\u0430\u0441\u0442\u044c \u0438\u043c\u043f\u0435\u0440\u0438\u0438 \u0438 \u043d\u0435 \u043f\u0440\u0438\u0437\u043d\u0430\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0439 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%82_(%D0%94%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%A0%D0%B8%D0%BC)\" title=\"\u0421\u0435\u043d\u0430\u0442 (\u0414\u0440\u0435\u0432\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u0420\u0438\u043c)\">\u0441\u0435\u043d\u0430\u0442\u043e\u043c<\/a>.\n<\/p><p>\u0413\u0430\u0439 \u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u043f\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0430\u0434\u043b\u0435\u0436\u0430\u043b \u043a \u0438\u0442\u0430\u043b\u0438\u0439\u0441\u043a\u043e\u043c\u0443 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%92%D1%81%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8_(%D0%94%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%A0%D0%B8%D0%BC)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u0412\u0441\u0430\u0434\u043d\u0438\u043a\u0438 (\u0414\u0440\u0435\u0432\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u0420\u0438\u043c)\">\u0432\u0441\u0430\u0434\u043d\u0438\u0447\u0435\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0443<\/a>. \u041e\u043d \u0441\u0434\u0435\u043b\u0430\u043b \u043a\u0430\u0440\u044c\u0435\u0440\u0443 \u0432\u043e\u0435\u043d\u043d\u043e\u0433\u043e \u0438 \u043f\u043e\u043b\u0438\u0442\u0438\u043a\u0430. \u041e\u043a\u043e\u043b\u043e 183 \u0433\u043e\u0434\u0430 \u041d\u0438\u0433\u0435\u0440 \u0443\u0447\u0430\u0441\u0442\u0432\u043e\u0432\u0430\u043b \u0432 \u0432\u043e\u0439\u043d\u0435 \u0441 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8B\" title=\"\u0421\u0430\u0440\u043c\u0430\u0442\u044b\">\u0441\u0430\u0440\u043c\u0430\u0442\u0430\u043c\u0438<\/a> \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A0%D0%B8%D0%BC%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%94%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%8F\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u0420\u0438\u043c\u0441\u043a\u0430\u044f \u0414\u0430\u043a\u0438\u044f\">\u0414\u0430\u043a\u0438\u0438<\/a>, \u043f\u043e\u0437\u0436\u0435 \u043f\u043e\u0434\u0430\u0432\u0438\u043b \u0432\u043e\u0441\u0441\u0442\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0435 \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%93%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%8F\" title=\"\u0413\u0430\u043b\u043b\u0438\u044f\">\u0413\u0430\u043b\u043b\u0438\u0438<\/a> (186\u2014187 \u0433\u043e\u0434\u044b), \u043f\u043e\u043b\u0443\u0447\u0438\u043b \u0434\u043e\u043b\u0436\u043d\u043e\u0441\u0442\u044c <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%81%D1%83%D0%BB-%D1%81%D1%83%D1%84%D1%84%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%82\" title=\"\u041a\u043e\u043d\u0441\u0443\u043b-\u0441\u0443\u0444\u0444\u0435\u043a\u0442\">\u043a\u043e\u043d\u0441\u0443\u043b\u0430-\u0441\u0443\u0444\u0444\u0435\u043a\u0442\u0430<\/a> (\u0434\u0430\u0442\u0430 \u043d\u0435\u0438\u0437\u0432\u0435\u0441\u0442\u043d\u0430). \u0421\u043e 191 \u0433\u043e\u0434\u0430 \u043e\u043d \u0443\u043f\u0440\u0430\u0432\u043b\u044f\u043b \u043f\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0438\u043d\u0446\u0438\u0435\u0439 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F_(%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BC%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%8F)\" title=\"\u0421\u0438\u0440\u0438\u044f (\u0440\u0438\u043c\u0441\u043a\u0430\u044f \u043f\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0438\u043d\u0446\u0438\u044f)\">\u0421\u0438\u0440\u0438\u044f<\/a>. \u0412\u0435\u0441\u043d\u043e\u0439 193 \u0433\u043e\u0434\u0430, \u043f\u043e\u0441\u043b\u0435 \u0443\u0431\u0438\u0439\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0430 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BA%D1%81\" title=\"\u041f\u0435\u0440\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0430\u043a\u0441\">\u041f\u0435\u0440\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0430\u043a\u0441\u0430<\/a>, \u0413\u0430\u0439 \u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u0431\u044b\u043b \u043f\u0440\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0437\u0433\u043b\u0430\u0448\u0451\u043d \u0438\u043c\u043f\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0442\u043e\u0440\u043e\u043c \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%90%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BE%D1%85%D0%B8%D1%8F-%D0%BD%D0%B0-%D0%9E%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B5\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u0410\u043d\u0442\u0438\u043e\u0445\u0438\u044f-\u043d\u0430-\u041e\u0440\u043e\u043d\u0442\u0435\">\u0410\u043d\u0442\u0438\u043e\u0445\u0438\u0438<\/a>. \u041e\u043d \u0441\u043c\u043e\u0433 \u0443\u0441\u0442\u0430\u043d\u043e\u0432\u0438\u0442\u044c \u043a\u043e\u043d\u0442\u0440\u043e\u043b\u044c \u043d\u0430\u0434 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9C%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%90%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%8F\" title=\"\u041c\u0430\u043b\u0430\u044f \u0410\u0437\u0438\u044f\">\u041c\u0430\u043b\u043e\u0439 \u0410\u0437\u0438\u0435\u0439<\/a>, \u0421\u0438\u0440\u0438\u0435\u0439, <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0\" title=\"\u041f\u0430\u043b\u0435\u0441\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0430\">\u041f\u0430\u043b\u0435\u0441\u0442\u0438\u043d\u043e\u0439<\/a> \u0438 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A0%D0%B8%D0%BC%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%95%D0%B3%D0%B8%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%82\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u0420\u0438\u043c\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u0415\u0433\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0442\">\u0415\u0433\u0438\u043f\u0442\u043e\u043c<\/a>, \u043d\u043e \u043d\u0430 \u0417\u0430\u043f\u0430\u0434\u0435 \u0432\u043b\u0430\u0441\u0442\u044c \u0437\u0430\u0445\u0432\u0430\u0442\u0438\u043b \u043a\u043e\u043c\u0430\u043d\u0434\u0438\u0440 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8F\" title=\"\u041f\u0430\u043d\u043d\u043e\u043d\u0438\u044f\">\u043f\u0430\u043d\u043d\u043e\u043d\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0445<\/a> \u043b\u0435\u0433\u0438\u043e\u043d\u043e\u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%B5%D0%BF%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%A1%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%80\" title=\"\u0421\u0435\u043f\u0442\u0438\u043c\u0438\u0439 \u0421\u0435\u0432\u0435\u0440\">\u041b\u0443\u0446\u0438\u0439 \u0421\u0435\u043f\u0442\u0438\u043c\u0438\u0439 \u0421\u0435\u0432\u0435\u0440<\/a>, \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043e\u0440\u044b\u0439 \u043d\u0430\u0447\u0430\u043b \u0432\u043e\u0439\u043d\u0443. \u041d\u0438\u0433\u0435\u0440 \u043f\u043e\u0442\u0435\u0440\u043f\u0435\u043b \u043d\u0435\u0441\u043a\u043e\u043b\u044c\u043a\u043e \u043f\u043e\u0440\u0430\u0436\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u0432 \u041c\u0430\u043b\u043e\u0439 \u0410\u0437\u0438\u0438, \u043e\u0442\u0441\u0442\u0443\u043f\u0438\u043b \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9A%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%8F_(%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BC%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%8F)\" title=\"\u041a\u0438\u043b\u0438\u043a\u0438\u044f (\u0440\u0438\u043c\u0441\u043a\u0430\u044f \u043f\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0438\u043d\u0446\u0438\u044f)\">\u041a\u0438\u043b\u0438\u043a\u0438\u044e<\/a> \u0438 \u0441\u043e\u0431\u0440\u0430\u043b \u043d\u043e\u0432\u0443\u044e \u0430\u0440\u043c\u0438\u044e, \u043d\u043e \u0432 \u0440\u0435\u0448\u0430\u044e\u0449\u0435\u0439 \u0431\u0438\u0442\u0432\u0435 \u043f\u0440\u0438 \u0418\u0441\u0441\u0435 \u0441\u043d\u043e\u0432\u0430 \u0431\u044b\u043b \u0440\u0430\u0437\u0431\u0438\u0442. \u0412\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0440\u0435 \u043e\u043d \u043f\u043e\u0433\u0438\u0431\u00a0\u2014 \u0441\u0435\u0432\u0435\u0440\u0438\u0430\u043d\u0446\u044b \u0443\u0431\u0438\u043b\u0438 \u0435\u0433\u043e \u043b\u0438\u0431\u043e \u0432 \u0410\u043d\u0442\u0438\u043e\u0445\u0438\u0438, \u043b\u0438\u0431\u043e \u0432\u043e \u0432\u0440\u0435\u043c\u044f \u0431\u0435\u0433\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0430 \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%84%D1%8F%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B5_%D1%86%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%BE\" title=\"\u041f\u0430\u0440\u0444\u044f\u043d\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0435 \u0446\u0430\u0440\u0441\u0442\u0432\u043e\">\u041f\u0430\u0440\u0444\u0438\u044e<\/a>.\n<\/p>\n<div style=\"clear:both;\"><\/div>\n<div class=\"main-footer\"><div class=\"main-footer-actions main-plainlist\">\n<ul><li><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%86%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%B3%D0%B5%D1%80\" title=\"\u041f\u0435\u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u041d\u0438\u0433\u0435\u0440\"><span class=\"mw-ui-button\">\u0427\u0438\u0442\u0430\u0442\u044c<\/span><\/a><\/li>\n<li><\/ul><\/div><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r104610356\"><div id=\"main-tga\" class=\"main-box main-box-responsive-image\"><div class=\"main-box-subtitle\">\u0425\u043e\u0440\u043e\u0448\u0430\u044f \u0441\u0442\u0430\u0442\u044c\u044f<\/div><h2 class=\"main-header main-box-header in-block\"><span id=\".D0.A2.D1.83.D1.87.D0.BD.D1.8B.D0.B5_.D0.BA.D0.BB.D0.B5.D1.82.D0.BA.D0.B8\"><\/span><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435_\u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D1%83%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5_%D0%BA%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%B8\" title=\"\u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438\">\u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438<\/a><\/span><\/h2>\n<div class=\"floatright\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D1%83%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5_%D0%BA%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%B8\" title=\"\u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438. \u0411\u0430\u0437\u043e\u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u0433\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0443\u043b\u044b \u043e\u043a\u0440\u0430\u0448\u0435\u043d\u044b \u0444\u0438\u043e\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043e\u0432\u044b\u043c\"><img alt=\"\u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438. \u0411\u0430\u0437\u043e\u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u0433\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0443\u043b\u044b \u043e\u043a\u0440\u0430\u0448\u0435\u043d\u044b \u0444\u0438\u043e\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043e\u0432\u044b\u043c\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/a\/a0\/SMCpolyhydroxysmall.jpg\/150px-SMCpolyhydroxysmall.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"150\" height=\"116\" data-file-width=\"885\" data-file-height=\"682\"><\/a><\/div>\n<p><b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D1%83%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5_%D0%BA%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%B8\" title=\"\u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438\">\u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438<\/a><\/b> (\u0442\u0430\u043a\u0436\u0435 \u0438\u0437\u0432\u0435\u0441\u0442\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u0430\u043a <b>\u043c\u0430\u0441\u0442\u043e\u0446\u0438\u0442\u044b<\/b> \u0438\u043b\u0438 <b>\u043b\u0430\u0431\u0440\u043e\u0446\u0438\u0442\u044b<\/b>)\u00a0\u2014 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%8C_(%D0%B1%D0%B8%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B8%D1%8F)\" title=\"\u0422\u043a\u0430\u043d\u044c (\u0431\u0438\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f)\">\u0442\u043a\u0430\u043d\u0435\u0432\u044b\u0435<\/a> <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9A%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%B0_(%D0%B1%D0%B8%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B8%D1%8F)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u041a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0430 (\u0431\u0438\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f)\">\u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438<\/a> <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9C%D0%B8%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BE%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%82\" title=\"\u041c\u0438\u0435\u043b\u043e\u0446\u0438\u0442\">\u043c\u0438\u0435\u043b\u043e\u0438\u0434\u043d\u043e\u0433\u043e<\/a> \u0440\u044f\u0434\u0430, \u0441\u043e\u0434\u0435\u0440\u0436\u0430\u0449\u0438\u0435 \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A6%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%BC%D0%B0\" title=\"\u0426\u0438\u0442\u043e\u043f\u043b\u0430\u0437\u043c\u0430\">\u0446\u0438\u0442\u043e\u043f\u043b\u0430\u0437\u043c\u0435<\/a> <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%91%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%BE%D1%84%D0%B8%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8C\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u0411\u0430\u0437\u043e\u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043d\u043e\u0441\u0442\u044c\">\u0431\u0430\u0437\u043e\u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043d\u044b\u0435<\/a> \u0433\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0443\u043b\u044b \u0441 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%93%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%BD\" title=\"\u0413\u0438\u0441\u0442\u0430\u043c\u0438\u043d\">\u0433\u0438\u0441\u0442\u0430\u043c\u0438\u043d\u043e\u043c<\/a> \u0438 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%93%D0%B5%D0%BF%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BD\" title=\"\u0413\u0435\u043f\u0430\u0440\u0438\u043d\">\u0433\u0435\u043f\u0430\u0440\u0438\u043d\u043e\u043c<\/a>. \u0412 \u043e\u0442\u043b\u0438\u0447\u0438\u0435 \u043e\u0442 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%91%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%BE%D1%84%D0%B8%D0%BB\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u0411\u0430\u0437\u043e\u0444\u0438\u043b\">\u0431\u0430\u0437\u043e\u0444\u0438\u043b\u043e\u0432<\/a>, \u0442\u0430\u043a\u0436\u0435 \u0441\u043e\u0434\u0435\u0440\u0436\u0430\u0449\u0438\u0445 \u0431\u0430\u0437\u043e\u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u0433\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0443\u043b\u044b, \u0442\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438 \u0432 \u043d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0435 \u043d\u0438\u043a\u043e\u0433\u0434\u0430 \u043d\u0435 \u0432\u044b\u0445\u043e\u0434\u044f\u0442 \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9A%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D1%81%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%B0\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u041a\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0435\u043d\u043e\u0441\u043d\u0430\u044f \u0441\u0438\u0441\u0442\u0435\u043c\u0430\">\u043a\u0440\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0442\u043e\u043a<\/a>. \u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438 \u0443\u0447\u0430\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0443\u044e\u0442 \u0432 \u0440\u0430\u0437\u0432\u0438\u0442\u0438\u0438 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%92%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5\" title=\"\u0412\u043e\u0441\u043f\u0430\u043b\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435\">\u0432\u043e\u0441\u043f\u0430\u043b\u0435\u043d\u0438\u044f<\/a>, \u0440\u0435\u0430\u043a\u0446\u0438\u0439 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%93%D0%B8%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%87%D1%83%D0%B2%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8C\" title=\"\u0413\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0440\u0447\u0443\u0432\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0438\u0442\u0435\u043b\u044c\u043d\u043e\u0441\u0442\u044c\">\u0433\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0440\u0447\u0443\u0432\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0438\u0442\u0435\u043b\u044c\u043d\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0438<\/a> \u043f\u0435\u0440\u0432\u043e\u0433\u043e (\u043d\u0435\u043c\u0435\u0434\u043b\u0435\u043d\u043d\u043e\u0433\u043e) \u0442\u0438\u043f\u0430, \u0437\u0430\u0449\u0438\u0442\u0435 \u043e\u0440\u0433\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0437\u043c\u0430 \u043e\u0442 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9C%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B9_%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%BC\" title=\"\u041c\u043d\u043e\u0433\u043e\u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043e\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u043e\u0440\u0433\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0437\u043c\">\u043c\u043d\u043e\u0433\u043e\u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043e\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0445<\/a> <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%82\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u041f\u0430\u0440\u0430\u0437\u0438\u0442\">\u043f\u0430\u0440\u0430\u0437\u0438\u0442\u043e\u0432<\/a> \u0438 \u0434\u0440\u0443\u0433\u0438\u0445 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B5%D0%BD\" title=\"\u041f\u0430\u0442\u043e\u0433\u0435\u043d\">\u043f\u0430\u0442\u043e\u0433\u0435\u043d\u043e\u0432<\/a>, \u0444\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0438\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0438 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%93%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%8D%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B5%D1%84%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%B1%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%8C%D0%B5%D1%80\" title=\"\u0413\u0435\u043c\u0430\u0442\u043e\u044d\u043d\u0446\u0435\u0444\u0430\u043b\u0438\u0447\u0435\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u0431\u0430\u0440\u044c\u0435\u0440\">\u0433\u0435\u043c\u0430\u0442\u043e\u044d\u043d\u0446\u0435\u0444\u0430\u043b\u0438\u0447\u0435\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0433\u043e \u0431\u0430\u0440\u044c\u0435\u0440\u0430<\/a> \u0438 \u0434\u0440\u0443\u0433\u0438\u0445 \u043f\u0440\u043e\u0446\u0435\u0441\u0441\u0430\u0445. \u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438 \u043b\u0435\u0436\u0430\u0442 \u0432 \u043e\u0441\u043d\u043e\u0432\u0435 \u0440\u0430\u0437\u0432\u0438\u0442\u0438\u044f \u0430\u043b\u043b\u0435\u0440\u0433\u0438\u0438 \u0438 \u0430\u043d\u0430\u0444\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043a\u0441\u0438\u0438.\n<\/p><p>\u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438 \u043f\u0440\u0438\u0441\u0443\u0442\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0443\u044e\u0442 \u0432 \u0431\u043e\u043b\u044c\u0448\u0438\u043d\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0435 \u0442\u043a\u0430\u043d\u0435\u0439 \u0438, \u043a\u0430\u043a \u043f\u0440\u0430\u0432\u0438\u043b\u043e, \u0440\u0430\u0441\u043f\u043e\u043b\u0430\u0433\u0430\u044e\u0442\u0441\u044f \u0432\u0431\u043b\u0438\u0437\u0438 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9A%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5_%D1%81%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%83%D0%B4%D1%8B\" title=\"\u041a\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0435\u043d\u043e\u0441\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u0441\u043e\u0441\u0443\u0434\u044b\">\u0441\u043e\u0441\u0443\u0434\u043e\u0432<\/a> \u0438 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9D%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B2\" title=\"\u041d\u0435\u0440\u0432\">\u043d\u0435\u0440\u0432\u043e\u0432<\/a>. \u041e\u043d\u0438 \u043e\u0441\u043e\u0431\u0435\u043d\u043d\u043e \u043c\u043d\u043e\u0433\u043e\u0447\u0438\u0441\u043b\u0435\u043d\u043d\u044b \u0432 \u0442\u043a\u0430\u043d\u044f\u0445, \u0437\u0430\u043b\u0435\u0433\u0430\u044e\u0449\u0438\u0445 \u043d\u0430 \u0433\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0446\u0435 \u043e\u0440\u0433\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0437\u043c\u0430 \u0441 \u0432\u043d\u0435\u0448\u043d\u0435\u0439 \u0438\u043b\u0438 \u0432\u043d\u0443\u0442\u0440\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0435\u0439 \u0441\u0440\u0435\u0434\u043e\u0439.\n<\/p>\n<div style=\"clear:both;\"><\/div>\n<div class=\"main-footer\"><div class=\"main-footer-actions main-plainlist\">\n<ul><li><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D1%83%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5_%D0%BA%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%B8\" title=\"\u0422\u0443\u0447\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043a\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043a\u0438\"><span class=\"mw-ui-button\">\u0427\u0438\u0442\u0430\u0442\u044c<\/span><\/a><\/li>\n<li><\/ul><\/div><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r104610356\"><div id=\"main-tfl\" class=\"main-box\">\n<style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r104610353\">.mw-parser-output .main-featuredLists>.main-featuredLists-item{align-items:stretch;break-inside:avoid;clear:both;display:flex;page-break-inside:avoid;margin-bottom:1rem}.mw-parser-output .main-featuredLists>.main-featuredLists-item:last-child{margin-bottom:0}.mw-parser-output .main-featuredLists-item>img{flex:0 auto}.mw-parser-output .main-featuredLists-item>a{color:inherit;flex:1;margin-left:-50px;padding-left:66px;position:relative;text-decoration:none}.mw-parser-output .main-featuredLists-item>a:hover,.mw-parser-output .main-featuredLists-item>a:focus{color:#0645ad}.mw-parser-output .main-featuredLists-header{color:inherit;margin-bottom:0}.mw-parser-output .main-featuredLists-item>a:hover>.main-featuredLists-header{text-decoration:underline}.mw-parser-output .main-featuredLists-subtitle{color:#72777d;display:block;font-size:1em;line-height:1.25;margin-top:-.125em}<\/style><div class=\"main-plainlist\">\n<ul class=\"main-featuredLists\"><li class=\"main-featuredLists-item\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/56\/Krapinsko-zagorska_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg\/50px-Krapinsko-zagorska_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"50\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/56\/Krapinsko-zagorska_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg\/75px-Krapinsko-zagorska_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/56\/Krapinsko-zagorska_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg\/100px-Krapinsko-zagorska_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"1097\" data-file-height=\"1062\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%BA_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2_%D0%B8_%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%89%D0%B8%D0%BD_%D0%9A%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE-%D0%97%D0%B0%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9_%D0%B6%D1%83%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B8\" title=\"\u0421\u043f\u0438\u0441\u043e\u043a \u0433\u043e\u0440\u043e\u0434\u043e\u0432 \u0438 \u043e\u0431\u0449\u0438\u043d \u041a\u0440\u0430\u043f\u0438\u043d\u0441\u043a\u043e-\u0417\u0430\u0433\u043e\u0440\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u0436\u0443\u043f\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0438\"><span class=\"main-featuredLists-subtitle\">\u041f\u043e\u0441\u043b\u0435\u0434\u043d\u0438\u0439 \u0438\u0437\u0431\u0440\u0430\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u0441\u043f\u0438\u0441\u043e\u043a<\/span><h2 class=\"main-header main-featuredLists-header in-block\"> \u0421\u043f\u0438\u0441\u043e\u043a \u0433\u043e\u0440\u043e\u0434\u043e\u0432 \u0438 \u043e\u0431\u0449\u0438\u043d \u041a\u0440\u0430\u043f\u0438\u043d\u0441\u043a\u043e-\u0417\u0430\u0433\u043e\u0440\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u0436\u0443\u043f\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0438\n<\/h2><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-featuredLists-item\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/50\/Koprivni%C4%8Dko-kri%C5%BEeva%C4%8Dka_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg\/50px-Koprivni%C4%8Dko-kri%C5%BEeva%C4%8Dka_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"50\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/50\/Koprivni%C4%8Dko-kri%C5%BEeva%C4%8Dka_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg\/75px-Koprivni%C4%8Dko-kri%C5%BEeva%C4%8Dka_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/50\/Koprivni%C4%8Dko-kri%C5%BEeva%C4%8Dka_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg\/100px-Koprivni%C4%8Dko-kri%C5%BEeva%C4%8Dka_%C5%BEupanija_in_Croatia.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"1097\" data-file-height=\"1062\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%BA_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2_%D0%B8_%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%89%D0%B8%D0%BD_%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%86%D0%BA%D0%BE-%D0%9A%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9_%D0%B6%D1%83%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B8\" title=\"\u0421\u043f\u0438\u0441\u043e\u043a \u0433\u043e\u0440\u043e\u0434\u043e\u0432 \u0438 \u043e\u0431\u0449\u0438\u043d \u041a\u043e\u043f\u0440\u0438\u0432\u043d\u0438\u0446\u043a\u043e-\u041a\u0440\u0438\u0436\u0435\u0432\u0430\u0446\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u0436\u0443\u043f\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0438\"><span class=\"main-featuredLists-subtitle\">\u041f\u0440\u0435\u0434\u044b\u0434\u0443\u0449\u0438\u0439 \u0438\u0437\u0431\u0440\u0430\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u0441\u043f\u0438\u0441\u043e\u043a<\/span><h2 class=\"main-header main-featuredLists-header in-block\"> \u0421\u043f\u0438\u0441\u043e\u043a \u0433\u043e\u0440\u043e\u0434\u043e\u0432 \u0438 \u043e\u0431\u0449\u0438\u043d \u041a\u043e\u043f\u0440\u0438\u0432\u043d\u0438\u0446\u043a\u043e-\u041a\u0440\u0438\u0436\u0435\u0432\u0430\u0446\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u0436\u0443\u043f\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0438\n<\/h2><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<div style=\"clear:both;\"><\/div>\n<div class=\"main-footer\"><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r104610356\"><div id=\"main-potd\" class=\"main-box main-box-image-only\"><h2 class=\"main-header main-box-header in-block\"><span id=\".D0.98.D0.B7.D0.BE.D0.B1.D1.80.D0.B0.D0.B6.D0.B5.D0.BD.D0.B8.D0.B5_.D0.B4.D0.BD.D1.8F\"><\/span><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\u0418\u0437\u043e\u0431\u0440\u0430\u0436\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435_\u0434\u043d\u044f\">\u0418\u0437\u043e\u0431\u0440\u0430\u0436\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435 \u0434\u043d\u044f<\/span><\/h2>\n<div class=\"main-box-content\"><div class=\"center\"><div class=\"floatnone\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A4%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%BB:Lauenstein_Burg_9302266-Pano.jpg\" class=\"image\" title=\"\u041a\u0440\u0435\u043f\u043e\u0441\u0442\u044c \u041b\u0430\u0443\u044d\u043d\u0448\u0442\u0430\u0439\u043d \u0432 \u0412\u0435\u0440\u0445\u043d\u0435\u0439 \u0424\u0440\u0430\u043d\u043a\u043e\u043d\u0438\u0438\"><img alt=\"\u041a\u0440\u0435\u043f\u043e\u0441\u0442\u044c \u041b\u0430\u0443\u044d\u043d\u0448\u0442\u0430\u0439\u043d \u0432 \u0412\u0435\u0440\u0445\u043d\u0435\u0439 \u0424\u0440\u0430\u043d\u043a\u043e\u043d\u0438\u0438\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/3\/33\/Lauenstein_Burg_9302266-Pano.jpg\/500px-Lauenstein_Burg_9302266-Pano.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"500\" height=\"301\" data-file-width=\"7428\" data-file-height=\"4470\"><\/a><\/div><\/div><\/div>\n<div class=\"main-box-imageCaption\">\n<p>\u041a\u0440\u0435\u043f\u043e\u0441\u0442\u044c \u041b\u0430\u0443\u044d\u043d\u0448\u0442\u0430\u0439\u043d \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85%D0%BD%D1%8F%D1%8F_%D0%A4%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8F\" title=\"\u0412\u0435\u0440\u0445\u043d\u044f\u044f \u0424\u0440\u0430\u043d\u043a\u043e\u043d\u0438\u044f\">\u0412\u0435\u0440\u0445\u043d\u0435\u0439 \u0424\u0440\u0430\u043d\u043a\u043e\u043d\u0438\u0438<\/a>\n<\/p>\n<\/div>\n<div style=\"clear:both;\"><\/div>\n<div class=\"main-footer\"><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class=\"main-wrapper-column\">\n<link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r104610356\"><div id=\"main-dyk\" class=\"main-box\"><div class=\"main-box-subtitle\">\u0418\u0437 \u043d\u043e\u0432\u044b\u0445 \u043c\u0430\u0442\u0435\u0440\u0438\u0430\u043b\u043e\u0432<\/div><h2 class=\"main-header main-box-header in-block\"><span id=\".D0.97.D0.BD.D0.B0.D0.B5.D1.82.D0.B5_.D0.BB.D0.B8_.D0.B2.D1.8B.3F\"><\/span><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\u0417\u043d\u0430\u0435\u0442\u0435_\u043b\u0438_\u0432\u044b?\">\u0417\u043d\u0430\u0435\u0442\u0435 \u043b\u0438 \u0432\u044b?<\/span><\/h2>\n<div class=\"floatright\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A4%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%BB:Chaconia_UWI_2005b.jpg\" class=\"image\" title=\"Warszewiczia coccinea\"><img alt=\"Warszewiczia coccinea\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/b\/b7\/Chaconia_UWI_2005b.jpg\/100px-Chaconia_UWI_2005b.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"100\" height=\"75\" data-file-width=\"1024\" data-file-height=\"768\"><\/a><\/div>\n<ul><li><b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Warszewiczia_coccinea\" title=\"Warszewiczia coccinea\">\u041d\u0430\u0446\u0438\u043e\u043d\u0430\u043b\u044c\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u0446\u0432\u0435\u0442\u043e\u043a<\/a><\/b> <span class=\"nowrap\"><i>(\u043d\u0430 \u0438\u043b\u043b.)<\/i><\/span> <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%B4_%D0%B8_%D0%A2%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%B3%D0%BE\" title=\"\u0422\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0434 \u0438 \u0422\u043e\u0431\u0430\u0433\u043e\">\u0422\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0434\u0430 \u0438 \u0422\u043e\u0431\u0430\u0433\u043e<\/a> \u043d\u043e\u0441\u0438\u0442 \u043f\u043e\u043b\u044c\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0435 \u0438\u043c\u044f.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/Dirt_(%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BC)\" title=\"Dirt (\u0430\u043b\u044c\u0431\u043e\u043c)\">\u041b\u0443\u0447\u0448\u0438\u0439 \u0440\u043e\u043a-\u0430\u043b\u044c\u0431\u043e\u043c 1992 \u0433\u043e\u0434\u0430<\/a> \u043f\u0435\u0440\u0432\u044b\u043c \u043e\u0446\u0435\u043d\u0438\u043b <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%93%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B4,_%D0%94%D0%B6%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BD\" title=\"\u0413\u043e\u043b\u0434, \u0414\u0436\u043e\u043d\u0430\u0442\u0430\u043d\">\u0440\u0435\u0441\u0442\u043e\u0440\u0430\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u043a\u0440\u0438\u0442\u0438\u043a<\/a><\/b>.<\/li>\n<li><b>\u00ab<a href=\"\/wiki\/Haidomyrmex_davidbowiei\" title=\"Haidomyrmex davidbowiei\">\u0410\u0434\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u043c\u0443\u0440\u0430\u0432\u0435\u0439<\/a>\u00bb<\/b> \u0434\u0432\u0438\u0433\u0430\u043b <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%96%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8B\" title=\"\u0416\u0432\u0430\u043b\u044b\">\u0447\u0435\u043b\u044e\u0441\u0442\u044f\u043c\u0438<\/a> \u043f\u043e \u0432\u0435\u0440\u0442\u0438\u043a\u0430\u043b\u0438, \u0430 \u043d\u0435 \u043f\u043e \u0433\u043e\u0440\u0438\u0437\u043e\u043d\u0442\u0430\u043b\u0438, \u043a\u0430\u043a \u0432\u0441\u0435 \u0441\u043e\u0432\u0440\u0435\u043c\u0435\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u0435\u0433\u043e \u0441\u043e\u0431\u0440\u0430\u0442\u044c\u044f.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9C%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%82\" title=\"\u041c\u0438\u043d\u0430\u0440\u0435\u0442\">\u041c\u0438\u043d\u0430\u0440\u0435\u0442<\/a> \u0434\u043b\u044f <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9A%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%8C\" title=\"\u041a\u0435\u0440\u0447\u0435\u043d\u0441\u043a\u0430\u044f \u043c\u0435\u0447\u0435\u0442\u044c\">\u041a\u0435\u0440\u0447\u0435\u043d\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u043c\u0435\u0447\u0435\u0442\u0438<\/a><\/b> \u043f\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0440\u043e\u0438\u043b\u0438 \u0441\u043f\u0443\u0441\u0442\u044f \u043f\u043e\u0447\u0442\u0438 \u0434\u0432\u0430 \u0432\u0435\u043a\u0430.<\/li>\n<li><b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9B%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B8_%D0%BF%D0%BE_%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9_%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B5_(%D0%9D%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2)\" title=\"\u041b\u0435\u043a\u0446\u0438\u0438 \u043f\u043e \u0440\u0443\u0441\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u043b\u0438\u0442\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0443\u0440\u0435 (\u041d\u0430\u0431\u043e\u043a\u043e\u0432)\">\u041b\u0435\u043a\u0446\u0438\u0438 \u043f\u043e \u0440\u0443\u0441\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u043b\u0438\u0442\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0443\u0440\u0435<\/a><\/b> <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9D%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2,_%D0%92%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%80_%D0%92%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87\" title=\"\u041d\u0430\u0431\u043e\u043a\u043e\u0432, \u0412\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438\u043c\u0438\u0440 \u0412\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438\u043c\u0438\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0438\u0447\">\u041d\u0430\u0431\u043e\u043a\u043e\u0432\u0430<\/a> \u0433\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0440\u044f\u0442 \u0431\u043e\u043b\u044c\u0448\u0435 \u043e \u043d\u0451\u043c \u0441\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043c, \u0447\u0435\u043c \u043e <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A0%D1%83%D1%81%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0\" title=\"\u0420\u0443\u0441\u0441\u043a\u0430\u044f \u043b\u0438\u0442\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0443\u0440\u0430\">\u0440\u0443\u0441\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u043b\u0438\u0442\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0443\u0440\u0435<\/a>.<\/li><\/ul><div class=\"floatright\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A4%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%BB:VST_image_of_the_giant_globular_star_cluster_Omega_Centauri.jpg\" class=\"image\" title=\"\u0428\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0435 \u0437\u0432\u0451\u0437\u0434\u043d\u043e\u0435 \u0441\u043a\u043e\u043f\u043b\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435 \u041e\u043c\u0435\u0433\u0430 \u0426\u0435\u043d\u0442\u0430\u0432\u0440\u0430\"><img alt=\"\u0428\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0435 \u0437\u0432\u0451\u0437\u0434\u043d\u043e\u0435 \u0441\u043a\u043e\u043f\u043b\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435 \u041e\u043c\u0435\u0433\u0430 \u0426\u0435\u043d\u0442\u0430\u0432\u0440\u0430\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/5d\/VST_image_of_the_giant_globular_star_cluster_Omega_Centauri.jpg\/100px-VST_image_of_the_giant_globular_star_cluster_Omega_Centauri.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"100\" height=\"100\" data-file-width=\"14540\" data-file-height=\"14540\"><\/a><\/div>\n<ul><li><b>\u00ab<a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9E%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%B3%D0%B0_%D0%A6%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%B2%D1%80%D0%B0\" title=\"\u041e\u043c\u0435\u0433\u0430 \u0426\u0435\u043d\u0442\u0430\u0432\u0440\u0430\">\u0417\u0432\u0435\u0437\u0434\u0430<\/a>\u00bb<\/b>, \u0438\u0437\u0432\u0435\u0441\u0442\u043d\u0430\u044f \u0441 \u0434\u0440\u0435\u0432\u043d\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0438 <span class=\"nowrap\"><i>(\u043d\u0430 \u0438\u043b\u043b.)<\/i><\/span>, \u043d\u0430 \u0441\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043c \u0434\u0435\u043b\u0435 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%97%D0%B2%D1%91%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B5_%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5\" title=\"\u0417\u0432\u0451\u0437\u0434\u043d\u043e\u0435 \u0441\u043a\u043e\u043f\u043b\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435\">\u0441\u043e\u0434\u0435\u0440\u0436\u0438\u0442<\/a> 10\u00a0\u043c\u043b\u043d \u0437\u0432\u0451\u0437\u0434.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%91%D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BB\" title=\"\u0411\u0435\u0439\u0441\u0431\u043e\u043b\">\u0411\u0435\u0439\u0441\u0431\u043e\u043b\u044c\u043d\u0430\u044f<\/a> \u0442\u0435\u0440\u043c\u0438\u043d\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%91%D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5_%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%84%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%8B_%D0%BE_%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B5\" title=\"\u0411\u0435\u0439\u0441\u0431\u043e\u043b\u044c\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u043c\u0435\u0442\u0430\u0444\u043e\u0440\u044b \u043e \u0441\u0435\u043a\u0441\u0435\">\u043f\u0440\u043e\u043d\u0438\u043a\u043b\u0430<\/a><\/b> \u0432 \u0430\u043c\u0435\u0440\u0438\u043a\u0430\u043d\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0435 \u0441\u043f\u0430\u043b\u044c\u043d\u0438.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%98%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F_%D0%95%D0%B2%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BF%D1%8B#%D0%A1%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BA%D0%B0\" title=\"\u0418\u0441\u0442\u043e\u0440\u0438\u044f \u0415\u0432\u0440\u043e\u043f\u044b\">\u0412 \u0441\u0440\u0435\u0434\u043d\u0435\u0432\u0435\u043a\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0439 \u0415\u0432\u0440\u043e\u043f\u0435<\/a> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D1%83%D0%B4_%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%B4_%D0%B6%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%BC\" title=\"\u0421\u0443\u0434 \u043d\u0430\u0434 \u0436\u0438\u0432\u043e\u0442\u043d\u044b\u043c\">\u0436\u0438\u0432\u043e\u0442\u043d\u044b\u0445 \u0441\u0443\u0434\u0438\u043b\u0438 \u043a\u0430\u043a \u043b\u044e\u0434\u0435\u0439<\/a><\/b>, \u0430 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9E%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%B7%D1%8C%D1%8F%D0%BD%D1%8C%D1%8F_%D1%82%D1%8E%D1%80%D1%8C%D0%BC%D0%B0\" title=\"\u041e\u0431\u0435\u0437\u044c\u044f\u043d\u044c\u044f \u0442\u044e\u0440\u044c\u043c\u0430\">\u043f\u043e\u043f\u0430\u0441\u0442\u044c \u0432 \u0442\u044e\u0440\u044c\u043c\u0443<\/a> \u043e\u043d\u0438 \u043c\u043e\u0433\u0443\u0442 \u0434\u043e \u0441\u0438\u0445 \u043f\u043e\u0440.<\/li>\n<li><b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3,_%D0%9C%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BD\" title=\"\u0421\u0438\u043a\u043a\u0438\u043d\u0433, \u041c\u0430\u0440\u0442\u0435\u043d\">\u0412\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0430\u0440\u044c \u0438\u0437 \u041d\u0438\u0434\u0435\u0440\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0434\u043e\u0432<\/a><\/b> \u043f\u043e\u0441\u043b\u0435 \u043d\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0438 \u043e \u0431\u043e\u0439\u043a\u043e\u0442\u0435 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9B%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%9E%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%B8%D0%B3%D1%80%D1%8B_1980\" title=\"\u041b\u0435\u0442\u043d\u0438\u0435 \u041e\u043b\u0438\u043c\u043f\u0438\u0439\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0435 \u0438\u0433\u0440\u044b 1980\">\u041e\u043b\u0438\u043c\u043f\u0438\u0430\u0434\u044b-80<\/a> \u0441\u0436\u0451\u0433 \u0441\u0432\u043e\u044e \u0444\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443 \u0438 \u0443\u0448\u0451\u043b \u0438\u0437 \u0441\u043f\u043e\u0440\u0442\u0430.<\/li>\n<li>\u00ab<a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B0_%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%BB%D1%8F%D1%82%D1%8B%D1%85\" title=\"\u041a\u043e\u0440\u043e\u043b\u0435\u0432\u0430 \u043f\u0440\u043e\u043a\u043b\u044f\u0442\u044b\u0445\">\u041a\u043e\u0440\u043e\u043b\u0435\u0432\u0430 \u0432\u0430\u043c\u043f\u0438\u0440\u043e\u0432<\/a>\u00bb \u0441\u0442\u0430\u043b\u0430 <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%8F_(%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%86%D0%B0)\" title=\"\u0410\u043b\u0438\u044f (\u043f\u0435\u0432\u0438\u0446\u0430)\">\u043f\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0446\u0435\u0441\u0441\u043e\u0439 R&B<\/a><\/b>.<\/li>\n<li><b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BB%D1%83%D1%88%D0%B0%D0%B9%D1%82%D0%B5!\" title=\"\u041f\u043e\u0441\u043b\u0443\u0448\u0430\u0439\u0442\u0435!\">E\u0441\u043b\u0438 \u0437\u0432\u0451\u0437\u0434\u044b \u0437\u0430\u0436\u0438\u0433\u0430\u044e\u0442\u00a0\u2014 \u0437\u043d\u0430\u0447\u0438\u0442\u00a0\u2014 \u044d\u0442\u043e \u043a\u043e\u043c\u0443-\u043d\u0438\u0431\u0443\u0434\u044c \u043d\u0443\u0436\u043d\u043e<\/a><\/b>.<\/li><\/ul><div style=\"clear:both;\"><\/div>\n<div style=\"clear:all;\"><\/div>\n<div style=\"clear:both;\"><\/div>\n<div class=\"main-footer\"><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r104610356\"><div id=\"main-cur\" class=\"main-box\"><h2 class=\"main-header main-box-header in-block\"><span id=\".D0.A2.D0.B5.D0.BA.D1.83.D1.89.D0.B8.D0.B5_.D1.81.D0.BE.D0.B1.D1.8B.D1.82.D0.B8.D1.8F\"><\/span><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\u0422\u0435\u043a\u0443\u0449\u0438\u0435_\u0441\u043e\u0431\u044b\u0442\u0438\u044f\">\u0422\u0435\u043a\u0443\u0449\u0438\u0435 \u0441\u043e\u0431\u044b\u0442\u0438\u044f<\/span><\/h2>\n<div class=\"hlist\" style=\"margin-left: 0em;\">\n<dl><dt>\u0410\u043a\u0442\u0443\u0430\u043b\u044c\u043d\u044b\u0435 \u0442\u0435\u043c\u044b<\/dt>\n<dd><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%92%D0%BE%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B6%D1%91%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B9_%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%84%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BA%D1%82_%D0%B2_%D0%9D%D0%B0%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC_%D0%9A%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B0%D1%85%D0%B5_(2020)\" title=\"\u0412\u043e\u043e\u0440\u0443\u0436\u0451\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u043a\u043e\u043d\u0444\u043b\u0438\u043a\u0442 \u0432 \u041d\u0430\u0433\u043e\u0440\u043d\u043e\u043c \u041a\u0430\u0440\u0430\u0431\u0430\u0445\u0435 (2020)\">\u0432\u043e\u043e\u0440\u0443\u0436\u0451\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u043a\u043e\u043d\u0444\u043b\u0438\u043a\u0442 \u0432 \u041d\u0430\u0433\u043e\u0440\u043d\u043e\u043c \u041a\u0430\u0440\u0430\u0431\u0430\u0445\u0435<\/a><\/dd>\n<dd><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%8F_COVID-19\" title=\"\u041f\u0430\u043d\u0434\u0435\u043c\u0438\u044f COVID-19\">\u043f\u0430\u043d\u0434\u0435\u043c\u0438\u044f COVID-19<\/a><\/dd>\n<dd>\u043f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0435\u0441\u0442\u044b\n<dl><dd><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8B_%D0%B2_%D0%91%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B8_(2020)\" title=\"\u041f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0435\u0441\u0442\u044b \u0432 \u0411\u0435\u043b\u043e\u0440\u0443\u0441\u0441\u0438\u0438 (2020)\">\u0411\u0435\u043b\u043e\u0440\u0443\u0441\u0441\u0438\u044f<\/a><\/dd>\n<dd><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8B_%D0%B2_%D0%91%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B3%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B8_(2020)\" title=\"\u041f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0435\u0441\u0442\u044b \u0432 \u0411\u043e\u043b\u0433\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0438 (2020)\">\u0411\u043e\u043b\u0433\u0430\u0440\u0438\u044f<\/a><\/dd>\n<dd><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8B_%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BB%D0%B5_%D0%B3%D0%B8%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B8_%D0%94%D0%B6%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B4%D0%B6%D0%B0_%D0%A4%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B9%D0%B4%D0%B0\" title=\"\u041f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0435\u0441\u0442\u044b \u043f\u043e\u0441\u043b\u0435 \u0433\u0438\u0431\u0435\u043b\u0438 \u0414\u0436\u043e\u0440\u0434\u0436\u0430 \u0424\u043b\u043e\u0439\u0434\u0430\">\u0421\u0428\u0410<\/a><\/dd>\n<dd><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8B_%D0%B2_%D0%A5%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BC_%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B5\" title=\"\u041f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0435\u0441\u0442\u044b \u0432 \u0425\u0430\u0431\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0441\u043a\u043e\u043c \u043a\u0440\u0430\u0435\">\u0425\u0430\u0431\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u043a\u0440\u0430\u0439<\/a><\/dd><\/dl><\/dd><\/dl><\/div>\n<div class=\"floatright\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%96%D1%8D%D1%8D%D0%BD%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2,_%D0%A1%D0%BE%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%B9_%D0%A8%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87\" title=\"\u0416\u044d\u044d\u043d\u0431\u0435\u043a\u043e\u0432, \u0421\u043e\u043e\u0440\u043e\u043d\u0431\u0430\u0439 \u0428\u0430\u0440\u0438\u043f\u043e\u0432\u0438\u0447\"><img alt=\"Sooronbay Jeenbekov (2018-05-14) 02.jpg\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/5b\/Sooronbay_Jeenbekov_%282018-05-14%29_02.jpg\/90px-Sooronbay_Jeenbekov_%282018-05-14%29_02.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"90\" height=\"120\" data-file-width=\"776\" data-file-height=\"1037\"><\/a><\/div>\n<ul><li>\u0412\u043b\u0430\u0441\u0442\u0438 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D0%B0%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4\" title=\"\u0422\u0430\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0434\">\u0422\u0430\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0434\u0430<\/a> \u0432\u0432\u0435\u043b\u0438 \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%91%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BA\" title=\"\u0411\u0430\u043d\u0433\u043a\u043e\u043a\">\u0411\u0430\u043d\u0433\u043a\u043e\u043a\u0435<\/a> \u0447\u0440\u0435\u0437\u0432\u044b\u0447\u0430\u0439\u043d\u043e\u0435 \u043f\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0436\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435 \u0434\u043b\u044f \u0440\u0430\u0437\u0433\u043e\u043d\u0430 <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8B_%D0%B2_%D0%A2%D0%B0%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B5_(2020)\" title=\"\u041f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0435\u0441\u0442\u044b \u0432 \u0422\u0430\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0434\u0435 (2020)\">\u043f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0435\u0441\u0442\u043e\u0432<\/a><\/b>, \u043d\u0430\u043f\u0440\u0430\u0432\u043b\u0435\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0445 \u043f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0438\u0432 \u043c\u043e\u043d\u0430\u0440\u0445\u0438\u0438 \u0438 \u0432\u043e\u0435\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0445 \u0443 \u0432\u043b\u0430\u0441\u0442\u0438.<\/li>\n<li>\u041f\u0440\u0435\u0437\u0438\u0434\u0435\u043d\u0442 \u041a\u0438\u0440\u0433\u0438\u0437\u0438\u0438 <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%96%D1%8D%D1%8D%D0%BD%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2,_%D0%A1%D0%BE%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%B9_%D0%A8%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87\" title=\"\u0416\u044d\u044d\u043d\u0431\u0435\u043a\u043e\u0432, \u0421\u043e\u043e\u0440\u043e\u043d\u0431\u0430\u0439 \u0428\u0430\u0440\u0438\u043f\u043e\u0432\u0438\u0447\">\u0421\u043e\u043e\u0440\u043e\u043d\u0431\u0430\u0439 \u0416\u044d\u044d\u043d\u0431\u0435\u043a\u043e\u0432<\/a><\/b> <i>(\u043d\u0430 \u0444\u043e\u0442\u043e)<\/i> \u043f\u043e\u0434\u0430\u043b \u0432 \u043e\u0442\u0441\u0442\u0430\u0432\u043a\u0443, \u0438\u0441\u043f\u043e\u043b\u043d\u044f\u044e\u0449\u0438\u043c \u043e\u0431\u044f\u0437\u0430\u043d\u043d\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0438 \u0441\u0442\u0430\u043b \u043e\u0441\u0432\u043e\u0431\u043e\u0436\u0434\u0451\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u0438\u0437 \u0442\u044e\u0440\u044c\u043c\u044b \u043f\u043e\u0441\u043b\u0435 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A0%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8E%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%8F_%D0%B2_%D0%9A%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B8%D0%B8_(2020)\" title=\"\u0420\u0435\u0432\u043e\u043b\u044e\u0446\u0438\u044f \u0432 \u041a\u0438\u0440\u0433\u0438\u0437\u0438\u0438 (2020)\">\u043f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0435\u0441\u0442\u043e\u0432<\/a> \u0438 \u0438\u0437\u0431\u0440\u0430\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0439 \u043f\u0440\u0435\u043c\u044c\u0435\u0440\u043e\u043c-\u043c\u0438\u043d\u0438\u0441\u0442\u0440\u043e\u043c <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%96%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2,_%D0%A1%D0%B0%D0%B4%D1%8B%D1%80_%D0%9D%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B6%D0%BE%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87\" title=\"\u0416\u0430\u043f\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0432, \u0421\u0430\u0434\u044b\u0440 \u041d\u0443\u0440\u0433\u043e\u0436\u043e\u0435\u0432\u0438\u0447\">\u0421\u0430\u0434\u044b\u0440 \u0416\u0430\u043f\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0432<\/a><\/b>.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A0%D0%B0%D1%85%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%BD,_%D0%AD%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8\" title=\"\u0420\u0430\u0445\u043c\u043e\u043d, \u042d\u043c\u043e\u043c\u0430\u043b\u0438\">\u042d\u043c\u043e\u043c\u0430\u043b\u0438 \u0420\u0430\u0445\u043c\u043e\u043d<\/a> \u0432 \u043f\u044f\u0442\u044b\u0439 \u0440\u0430\u0437 \u043f\u043e\u0434\u0440\u044f\u0434 <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%B2%D1%8B%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%8B_%D0%B2_%D0%A2%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%B6%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B5_(2020)\" title=\"\u041f\u0440\u0435\u0437\u0438\u0434\u0435\u043d\u0442\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0435 \u0432\u044b\u0431\u043e\u0440\u044b \u0432 \u0422\u0430\u0434\u0436\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u0430\u043d\u0435 (2020)\">\u0432\u044b\u0438\u0433\u0440\u0430\u043b \u043f\u0440\u0435\u0437\u0438\u0434\u0435\u043d\u0442\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0435 \u0432\u044b\u0431\u043e\u0440\u044b<\/a><\/b> \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%B6%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BD\" title=\"\u0422\u0430\u0434\u0436\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u0430\u043d\">\u0422\u0430\u0434\u0436\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u0430\u043d\u0435<\/a>.<\/li>\n<li>\u00ab<a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9B%D0%BE%D1%81-%D0%90%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%81_%D0%9B%D0%B5%D0%B9%D0%BA%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%81\" title=\"\u041b\u043e\u0441-\u0410\u043d\u0434\u0436\u0435\u043b\u0435\u0441 \u041b\u0435\u0439\u043a\u0435\u0440\u0441\">\u041b\u043e\u0441-\u0410\u043d\u0434\u0436\u0435\u043b\u0435\u0441 \u041b\u0435\u0439\u043a\u0435\u0440\u0441<\/a>\u00bb \u0432\u043f\u0435\u0440\u0432\u044b\u0435 \u0437\u0430 10 \u043b\u0435\u0442 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9D%D0%91%D0%90_%D0%B2_%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B5_2019\/2020\" title=\"\u041d\u0411\u0410 \u0432 \u0441\u0435\u0437\u043e\u043d\u0435 2019\/2020\">\u0441\u0442\u0430\u043b\u0438 \u0447\u0435\u043c\u043f\u0438\u043e\u043d\u0430\u043c\u0438 \u041d\u0411\u0410<\/a>, \u043e\u0431\u044b\u0433\u0440\u0430\u0432 \u0432 <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A4%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BB_%D0%9D%D0%91%D0%90_2020\" title=\"\u0424\u0438\u043d\u0430\u043b \u041d\u0411\u0410 2020\">\u0444\u0438\u043d\u0430\u043b\u0435<\/a><\/b> \u00ab<a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9C%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B8_%D0%A5%D0%B8%D1%82\" title=\"\u041c\u0430\u0439\u0430\u043c\u0438 \u0425\u0438\u0442\">\u041c\u0430\u0439\u0430\u043c\u0438 \u0425\u0438\u0442<\/a>\u00bb.<\/li>\n<li>\u041b\u0430\u0443\u0440\u0435\u0430\u0442\u0430\u043c\u0438 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%8F_%D0%BF%D0%BE_%D1%8D%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B5_%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BC%D1%8F%D1%82%D0%B8_%D0%90%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%84%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B0_%D0%9D%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8F\" title=\"\u041f\u0440\u0435\u043c\u0438\u044f \u043f\u043e \u044d\u043a\u043e\u043d\u043e\u043c\u0438\u043a\u0435 \u043f\u0430\u043c\u044f\u0442\u0438 \u0410\u043b\u044c\u0444\u0440\u0435\u0434\u0430 \u041d\u043e\u0431\u0435\u043b\u044f\">\u041f\u0440\u0435\u043c\u0438\u0438 \u043f\u043e \u044d\u043a\u043e\u043d\u043e\u043c\u0438\u043a\u0435 \u043f\u0430\u043c\u044f\u0442\u0438 \u0410\u043b\u044c\u0444\u0440\u0435\u0434\u0430 \u041d\u043e\u0431\u0435\u043b\u044f<\/a> \u0441\u0442\u0430\u043b\u0438 <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9C%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B3%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BC,_%D0%9F%D0%BE%D0%BB\" title=\"\u041c\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0440\u043e\u043c, \u041f\u043e\u043b\">\u041f\u043e\u043b \u041c\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0440\u043e\u043c<\/a><\/b> \u0438 <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A3%D0%B8%D0%BB%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%BD,_%D0%A0%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%82_(%D1%8D%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82)\" title=\"\u0423\u0438\u043b\u0441\u043e\u043d, \u0420\u043e\u0431\u0435\u0440\u0442 (\u044d\u043a\u043e\u043d\u043e\u043c\u0438\u0441\u0442)\">\u0420\u043e\u0431\u0435\u0440\u0442 \u0423\u0438\u043b\u0441\u043e\u043d<\/a><\/b> \u0437\u0430 \u0440\u0430\u0431\u043e\u0442\u044b \u0432 \u043e\u0431\u043b\u0430\u0441\u0442\u0438 \u0442\u0435\u043e\u0440\u0438\u0438 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%90%D1%83%D0%BA%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%BE%D0%BD\" title=\"\u0410\u0443\u043a\u0446\u0438\u043e\u043d\">\u0430\u0443\u043a\u0446\u0438\u043e\u043d\u043e\u0432<\/a>.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9D%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C,_%D0%A0%D0%B0%D1%84%D0%B0%D1%8D%D0%BB%D1%8C\" title=\"\u041d\u0430\u0434\u0430\u043b\u044c, \u0420\u0430\u0444\u0430\u044d\u043b\u044c\">\u0420\u0430\u0444\u0430\u044d\u043b\u044c \u041d\u0430\u0434\u0430\u043b\u044c<\/a> \u0432 13-\u0439 \u0440\u0430\u0437 \u0432\u044b\u0438\u0433\u0440\u0430\u043b <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9E%D1%82%D0%BA%D1%80%D1%8B%D1%82%D1%8B%D0%B9_%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%82_%D0%A4%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B8_%D0%BF%D0%BE_%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%83_2020\" title=\"\u041e\u0442\u043a\u0440\u044b\u0442\u044b\u0439 \u0447\u0435\u043c\u043f\u0438\u043e\u043d\u0430\u0442 \u0424\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0446\u0438\u0438 \u043f\u043e \u0442\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0441\u0443 2020\">\u041e\u0442\u043a\u0440\u044b\u0442\u044b\u0439 \u0447\u0435\u043c\u043f\u0438\u043e\u043d\u0430\u0442 \u0424\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0446\u0438\u0438 \u043f\u043e \u0442\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0441\u0443<\/a><\/b> \u0438 \u0434\u043e\u0433\u043d\u0430\u043b \u0440\u0435\u043a\u043e\u0440\u0434\u0441\u043c\u0435\u043d\u0430 \u043f\u043e \u043f\u043e\u0431\u0435\u0434\u0430\u043c \u043d\u0430 \u0442\u0443\u0440\u043d\u0438\u0440\u0430\u0445 \u0411\u043e\u043b\u044c\u0448\u043e\u0433\u043e \u0448\u043b\u0435\u043c\u0430 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A4%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%80,_%D0%A0%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B6%D0%B5%D1%80\" title=\"\u0424\u0435\u0434\u0435\u0440\u0435\u0440, \u0420\u043e\u0434\u0436\u0435\u0440\">\u0420\u043e\u0434\u0436\u0435\u0440\u0430 \u0424\u0435\u0434\u0435\u0440\u0435\u0440\u0430<\/a> (20 \u0442\u0438\u0442\u0443\u043b\u043e\u0432); \u0443 \u0436\u0435\u043d\u0449\u0438\u043d \u0447\u0435\u043c\u043f\u0438\u043e\u043d\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u0432\u043f\u0435\u0440\u0432\u044b\u0435 \u0441\u0442\u0430\u043b\u0430 \u0442\u0435\u043d\u043d\u0438\u0441\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043a\u0430 \u0438\u0437 \u041f\u043e\u043b\u044c\u0448\u0438\u00a0\u2014 19-\u043b\u0435\u0442\u043d\u044f\u044f <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A1%D0%B2%D1%91%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BA,_%D0%98%D0%B3%D0%B0\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u0421\u0432\u0451\u043d\u0442\u0435\u043a, \u0418\u0433\u0430\">\u0418\u0433\u0430 \u0421\u0432\u0451\u043d\u0442\u0435\u043a<\/a>.<\/li><\/ul><div style=\"clear:both;\"><\/div>\n<div class=\"main-footer\"><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r104610356\"><div id=\"main-itd\" class=\"main-box\"><div class=\"main-box-subtitle\">\u0412\u00a0\u044d\u0442\u043e\u0442 \u0434\u0435\u043d\u044c<\/div><h2 class=\"main-header main-box-header in-block\"><span id=\"18_.D0.BE.D0.BA.D1.82.D1.8F.D0.B1.D1.80.D1.8F\"><\/span><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"18_\u043e\u043a\u0442\u044f\u0431\u0440\u044f\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/18_%D0%BE%D0%BA%D1%82%D1%8F%D0%B1%D1%80%D1%8F\" title=\"18 \u043e\u043a\u0442\u044f\u0431\u0440\u044f\">18\u00a0\u043e\u043a\u0442\u044f\u0431\u0440\u044f<\/a><\/span><\/h2>\n<div class=\"floatright\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A4%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%BB:Venus_globe.jpg\" class=\"image\" title=\"\u0412\u0435\u043d\u0435\u0440\u0430\"><img alt=\"\u0412\u0435\u043d\u0435\u0440\u0430\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/8\/85\/Venus_globe.jpg\/110px-Venus_globe.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"110\" height=\"110\" data-file-width=\"4096\" data-file-height=\"4096\"><\/a><\/div>\n<ul><li><a href=\"\/wiki\/1009_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4\" title=\"1009 \u0433\u043e\u0434\">1009<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%90%D0%BB%D1%8C-%D0%A5%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BC_%D0%91%D0%B8%D0%B0%D0%BC%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%85\" title=\"\u0410\u043b\u044c-\u0425\u0430\u043a\u0438\u043c \u0411\u0438\u0430\u043c\u0440\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0445\">\u0410\u043b\u044c-\u0425\u0430\u043a\u0438\u043c \u0411\u0438\u0430\u043c\u0440\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0445<\/a> \u0440\u0430\u0441\u043f\u043e\u0440\u044f\u0434\u0438\u043b\u0441\u044f \u0443\u043d\u0438\u0447\u0442\u043e\u0436\u0438\u0442\u044c <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A5%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BC_%D0%93%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%B0_%D0%93%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%BD%D1%8F\" title=\"\u0425\u0440\u0430\u043c \u0413\u0440\u043e\u0431\u0430 \u0413\u043e\u0441\u043f\u043e\u0434\u043d\u044f\">\u0445\u0440\u0430\u043c \u0413\u0440\u043e\u0431\u0430 \u0413\u043e\u0441\u043f\u043e\u0434\u043d\u044f<\/a>.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/1356_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4\" title=\"1356 \u0433\u043e\u0434\">1356<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 \u0448\u0432\u0435\u0439\u0446\u0430\u0440\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%91%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8C\" title=\"\u0411\u0430\u0437\u0435\u043b\u044c\">\u0411\u0430\u0437\u0435\u043b\u044c<\/a> <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%91%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B5_%D0%B7%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%80%D1%8F%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5\" title=\"\u0411\u0430\u0437\u0435\u043b\u044c\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0435 \u0437\u0435\u043c\u043b\u0435\u0442\u0440\u044f\u0441\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435\">\u0440\u0430\u0437\u0440\u0443\u0448\u0435\u043d \u0437\u0435\u043c\u043b\u0435\u0442\u0440\u044f\u0441\u0435\u043d\u0438\u0435\u043c<\/a>.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/1812_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4\" title=\"1812 \u0433\u043e\u0434\">1812<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%83%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%B9\" title=\"\u0422\u0430\u0440\u0443\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u0431\u043e\u0439\">\u0422\u0430\u0440\u0443\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u0431\u043e\u0439<\/a>: \u043f\u0435\u0440\u0432\u0430\u044f \u0431\u0435\u0437\u043e\u0433\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0440\u043e\u0447\u043d\u0430\u044f \u043f\u043e\u0431\u0435\u0434\u0430 \u0440\u0443\u0441\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0445 \u043d\u0430\u0434 \u0444\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0446\u0443\u0437\u0430\u043c\u0438.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/1867_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4\" title=\"1867 \u0433\u043e\u0434\">1867<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 \u043a\u0430\u043f\u0438\u0442\u0430\u043d <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%89%D1%83%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2,_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%B9_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87\" title=\"\u041f\u0435\u0449\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0432, \u0410\u043b\u0435\u043a\u0441\u0435\u0439 \u0410\u043b\u0435\u043a\u0441\u0435\u0435\u0432\u0438\u0447\">\u0410\u043b\u0435\u043a\u0441\u0435\u0439\u00a0\u041f\u0435\u0449\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0432<\/a> \u043f\u043e\u0434\u043f\u0438\u0441\u0430\u043b <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%B6%D0%B0_%D0%90%D0%BB%D1%8F%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8\" title=\"\u041f\u0440\u043e\u0434\u0430\u0436\u0430 \u0410\u043b\u044f\u0441\u043a\u0438\">\u043f\u0440\u043e\u0442\u043e\u043a\u043e\u043b \u043e \u043f\u0435\u0440\u0435\u0434\u0430\u0447\u0435<\/a> <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%90%D0%BB%D1%8F%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0\" title=\"\u0410\u043b\u044f\u0441\u043a\u0430\">\u0410\u043b\u044f\u0441\u043a\u0438<\/a> \u0430\u043c\u0435\u0440\u0438\u043a\u0430\u043d\u0441\u043a\u043e\u043c\u0443 \u043f\u0440\u0430\u0432\u0438\u0442\u0435\u043b\u044c\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0443.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/1892_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4\" title=\"1892 \u0433\u043e\u0434\">1892<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 \u0432\u0432\u0435\u0434\u0435\u043d\u0430 \u0432 \u043a\u043e\u043c\u043c\u0435\u0440\u0447\u0435\u0441\u043a\u0443\u044e \u044d\u043a\u0441\u043f\u043b\u0443\u0430\u0442\u0430\u0446\u0438\u044e \u043f\u0435\u0440\u0432\u0430\u044f <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%84%D0%BE%D0%BD\" title=\"\u0422\u0435\u043b\u0435\u0444\u043e\u043d\">\u0442\u0435\u043b\u0435\u0444\u043e\u043d\u043d\u0430\u044f<\/a> \u043b\u0438\u043d\u0438\u044f <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9E%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80_%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B9_%D1%81%D0%B2%D1%8F%D0%B7%D0%B8\" class=\"mw-redirect\" title=\"\u041e\u043f\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0442\u043e\u0440 \u0434\u0430\u043b\u044c\u043d\u0435\u0439 \u0441\u0432\u044f\u0437\u0438\">\u0434\u0430\u043b\u044c\u043d\u0435\u0439 \u0441\u0432\u044f\u0437\u0438<\/a> (<a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A7%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%B3%D0%BE\" title=\"\u0427\u0438\u043a\u0430\u0433\u043e\">\u0427\u0438\u043a\u0430\u0433\u043e<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9D%D1%8C%D1%8E-%D0%99%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BA\" title=\"\u041d\u044c\u044e-\u0419\u043e\u0440\u043a\">\u041d\u044c\u044e-\u0419\u043e\u0440\u043a<\/a>).<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/1941_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4\" title=\"1941 \u0433\u043e\u0434\">1941<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 \u0432 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A2%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BE\" title=\"\u0422\u043e\u043a\u0438\u043e\">\u0422\u043e\u043a\u0438\u043e<\/a> \u0430\u0440\u0435\u0441\u0442\u043e\u0432\u0430\u043d \u0441\u043e\u0432\u0435\u0442\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0439 \u0440\u0430\u0437\u0432\u0435\u0434\u0447\u0438\u043a <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%97%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%B5,_%D0%A0%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B4\" title=\"\u0417\u043e\u0440\u0433\u0435, \u0420\u0438\u0445\u0430\u0440\u0434\">\u0420\u0438\u0445\u0430\u0440\u0434 \u0417\u043e\u0440\u0433\u0435<\/a>.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/1967_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4\" title=\"1967 \u0433\u043e\u0434\">1967<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 \u0441\u043e\u0432\u0435\u0442\u0441\u043a\u0430\u044f \u043a\u043e\u0441\u043c\u0438\u0447\u0435\u0441\u043a\u0430\u044f \u0441\u0442\u0430\u043d\u0446\u0438\u044f \u00ab<a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%92%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0-4\" title=\"\u0412\u0435\u043d\u0435\u0440\u0430-4\">\u0412\u0435\u043d\u0435\u0440\u0430-4<\/a>\u00bb \u0434\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0438\u0433\u043b\u0430 \u043f\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0435\u0442\u044b <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%92%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0\" title=\"\u0412\u0435\u043d\u0435\u0440\u0430\">\u0412\u0435\u043d\u0435\u0440\u0430<\/a> <i>(\u043d\u0430 \u0438\u043b\u043b.)<\/i>.<\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/wiki\/1968_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4\" title=\"1968 \u0433\u043e\u0434\">1968<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%9B%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%9E%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%B8%D0%B3%D1%80%D1%8B_1968\" title=\"\u041b\u0435\u0442\u043d\u0438\u0435 \u041e\u043b\u0438\u043c\u043f\u0438\u0439\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0435 \u0438\u0433\u0440\u044b 1968\">\u041e\u043b\u0438\u043c\u043f\u0438\u0430\u0434\u0430 \u0432 \u041c\u0435\u0445\u0438\u043a\u043e<\/a>: <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%91%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%BD,_%D0%91%D0%BE%D0%B1\" title=\"\u0411\u0438\u043c\u043e\u043d, \u0411\u043e\u0431\">\u0411\u043e\u0431 \u0411\u0438\u043c\u043e\u043d<\/a> \u0441\u043e\u0432\u0435\u0440\u0448\u0438\u043b \u00ab\u043f\u0440\u044b\u0436\u043e\u043a \u0432 XXI \u0432\u0435\u043a\u00bb.<\/li><\/ul><div style=\"clear:both;\"><\/div>\n<div class=\"main-footer\"><div class=\"main-footer-actions main-plainlist\">\n<ul><li><a href=\"\/wiki\/18_%D0%BE%D0%BA%D1%82%D1%8F%D0%B1%D1%80%D1%8F\" title=\"18 \u043e\u043a\u0442\u044f\u0431\u0440\u044f\"><span class=\"mw-ui-button\">\u0427\u0438\u0442\u0430\u0442\u044c<\/span><\/a><\/li><\/ul><\/div><\/div>\n<\/div>\n\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r104610359\">.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-header{text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-icon{margin:0 0 0.5rem;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-list{column-count:4;column-width:15em;margin-top:0.5rem}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-list>.main-wikimedia-listItem{align-items:stretch;break-inside:avoid;clear:both;display:flex;page-break-inside:avoid;margin-bottom:0.5rem}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-listItem>img{flex:0 auto}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-listItem>a{flex:1;margin-left:-48px;padding-left:56px;position:relative;text-decoration:none}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-listItem>a>em{font-style:normal}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-listItem>a:hover>em{text-decoration:underline}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-listItem>a>small{color:#72777d;display:block;font-size:0.85em;line-height:1.25}@media(max-width:719px){.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-header{font-family:inherit;font-size:1em}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-list{font-size:0.85em;column-width:10em}}@media(min-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-header{margin-bottom:1rem}.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-listItem>a>small{font-size:1em}}@media(min-width:1000px){.mw-parser-output .main-wikimedia-header{margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;width:80%}}<\/style><div class=\"main-wikimedia main-plainlist\">\n<div class=\"main-wikimedia-icon\"><div class=\"center\"><div class=\"floatnone\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/8\/8b\/Wikimedia-logo_black.svg\/48px-Wikimedia-logo_black.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/8\/8b\/Wikimedia-logo_black.svg\/72px-Wikimedia-logo_black.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/8\/8b\/Wikimedia-logo_black.svg\/96px-Wikimedia-logo_black.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"512\" data-file-height=\"512\"><\/div><\/div><\/div>\n<h2 class=\"main-header main-wikimedia-header in-block\"><span id=\".D0.92.D0.B8.D0.BA.D0.B8.D0.BF.D0.B5.D0.B4.D0.B8.D1.8F_.D1.80.D0.B0.D1.81.D0.BF.D0.BE.D0.BB.D0.BE.D0.B6.D0.B5.D0.BD.D0.B0_.D0.BD.D0.B0_.D1.81.D0.B5.D1.80.D0.B2.D0.B5.D1.80.D0.B0.D1.85_.D0.A4.D0.BE.D0.BD.D0.B4.D0.B0_.D0.92.D0.B8.D0.BA.D0.B8.D0.BC.D0.B5.D0.B4.D0.B8.D0.B0_.E2.80.94_.D0.BD.D0.B5.D0.BA.D0.BE.D0.BC.D0.BC.D0.B5.D1.80.D1.87.D0.B5.D1.81.D0.BA.D0.BE.D0.B9_.D0.BE.D1.80.D0.B3.D0.B0.D0.BD.D0.B8.D0.B7.D0.B0.D1.86.D0.B8.D0.B8.2C_.D1.82.D0.B0.D0.BA.D0.B6.D0.B5_.D0.BE.D0.B1.D0.B5.D1.81.D0.BF.D0.B5.D1.87.D0.B8.D0.B2.D0.B0.D1.8E.D1.89.D0.B5.D0.B9_.D1.80.D0.B0.D0.B1.D0.BE.D1.82.D1.83_.D1.80.D1.8F.D0.B4.D0.B0_.D0.B4.D1.80.D1.83.D0.B3.D0.B8.D1.85_.D0.BF.D1.80.D0.BE.D0.B5.D0.BA.D1.82.D0.BE.D0.B2\"><\/span><span class=\"mw-headline\" id=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u044f_\u0440\u0430\u0441\u043f\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0436\u0435\u043d\u0430_\u043d\u0430_\u0441\u0435\u0440\u0432\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0445_\u0424\u043e\u043d\u0434\u0430_\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043c\u0435\u0434\u0438\u0430_\u2014_\u043d\u0435\u043a\u043e\u043c\u043c\u0435\u0440\u0447\u0435\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0439_\u043e\u0440\u0433\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0437\u0430\u0446\u0438\u0438,_\u0442\u0430\u043a\u0436\u0435_\u043e\u0431\u0435\u0441\u043f\u0435\u0447\u0438\u0432\u0430\u044e\u0449\u0435\u0439_\u0440\u0430\u0431\u043e\u0442\u0443_\u0440\u044f\u0434\u0430_\u0434\u0440\u0443\u0433\u0438\u0445_\u043f\u0440\u043e\u0435\u043a\u0442\u043e\u0432\">\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043f\u0435\u0434\u0438\u044f \u0440\u0430\u0441\u043f\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0436\u0435\u043d\u0430 \u043d\u0430\u00a0\u0441\u0435\u0440\u0432\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0445 <a href=\"\/wiki\/%D0%A4%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B4_%D0%92%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B8%D0%B0\" title=\"\u0424\u043e\u043d\u0434 \u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043c\u0435\u0434\u0438\u0430\">\u0424\u043e\u043d\u0434\u0430 \u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043c\u0435\u0434\u0438\u0430<\/a>\u00a0\u2014 \u043d\u0435\u043a\u043e\u043c\u043c\u0435\u0440\u0447\u0435\u0441\u043a\u043e\u0439 \u043e\u0440\u0433\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0437\u0430\u0446\u0438\u0438, \u0442\u0430\u043a\u0436\u0435 \u043e\u0431\u0435\u0441\u043f\u0435\u0447\u0438\u0432\u0430\u044e\u0449\u0435\u0439 \u0440\u0430\u0431\u043e\u0442\u0443 \u0440\u044f\u0434\u0430 \u0434\u0440\u0443\u0433\u0438\u0445 \u043f\u0440\u043e\u0435\u043a\u0442\u043e\u0432<\/span><\/h2>\n<ul class=\"main-wikimedia-list\"><li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/a\/ac\/Notification-icon-Wiktionary-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Wiktionary-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0441\u043b\u043e\u0432\u0430\u0440\u044c\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/a\/ac\/Notification-icon-Wiktionary-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Wiktionary-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/a\/ac\/Notification-icon-Wiktionary-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Wiktionary-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/ru.wiktionary.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"wikt:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0441\u043b\u043e\u0432\u0430\u0440\u044c<\/em> <small>\u0421\u043b\u043e\u0432\u0430\u0440\u044c<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Notification-icon-Wikiquote.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Wikiquote.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0446\u0438\u0442\u0430\u0442\u043d\u0438\u043a\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Notification-icon-Wikiquote.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Wikiquote.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Notification-icon-Wikiquote.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Wikiquote.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/ru.wikiquote.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"q:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0446\u0438\u0442\u0430\u0442\u043d\u0438\u043a<\/em> <small>\u0426\u0438\u0442\u0430\u0442\u044b<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/e\/e0\/Notification-icon-Wikibooks-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Wikibooks-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0443\u0447\u0435\u0431\u043d\u0438\u043a\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/e\/e0\/Notification-icon-Wikibooks-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Wikibooks-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/e\/e0\/Notification-icon-Wikibooks-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Wikibooks-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/ru.wikibooks.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"b:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0443\u0447\u0435\u0431\u043d\u0438\u043a<\/em> <small>\u0423\u0447\u0435\u0431\u043d\u0438\u043a\u0438<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Notification-icon-Wikisource-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Wikisource-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0442\u0435\u043a\u0430\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Notification-icon-Wikisource-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Wikisource-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Notification-icon-Wikisource-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Wikisource-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/ru.wikisource.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"s:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0442\u0435\u043a\u0430<\/em> <small>\u0411\u0438\u0431\u043b\u0438\u043e\u0442\u0435\u043a\u0430 \u0442\u0435\u043a\u0441\u0442\u043e\u0432<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/57\/Notification-icon-Wikinews-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Wikinews-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043d\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0438\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/57\/Notification-icon-Wikinews-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Wikinews-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/5\/57\/Notification-icon-Wikinews-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Wikinews-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/ru.wikinews.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"n:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u043d\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0438<\/em> <small>\u041d\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0438<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/0\/01\/Notification-icon-Wikiversity-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Wikiversity-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0432\u0435\u0440\u0441\u0438\u0442\u0435\u0442\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/0\/01\/Notification-icon-Wikiversity-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Wikiversity-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/0\/01\/Notification-icon-Wikiversity-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Wikiversity-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/ru.wikiversity.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"v:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0432\u0435\u0440\u0441\u0438\u0442\u0435\u0442<\/em> <small>\u041e\u0431\u0443\u0447\u0430\u044e\u0449\u0438\u0435 \u043c\u0430\u0442\u0435\u0440\u0438\u0430\u043b\u044b<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/0\/08\/Notification-icon-Wikispecies-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Wikispecies-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0432\u0438\u0434\u044b\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/0\/08\/Notification-icon-Wikispecies-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Wikispecies-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/0\/08\/Notification-icon-Wikispecies-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Wikispecies-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/species.wikimedia.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"species:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0432\u0438\u0434\u044b<\/em> <small>\u041a\u0430\u0442\u0430\u043b\u043e\u0433 \u0431\u0438\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u0447\u0435\u0441\u043a\u0438\u0445 \u0432\u0438\u0434\u043e\u0432<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/1\/10\/Notification-icon-MediaWiki-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-MediaWiki-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u041c\u0435\u0434\u0438\u0430\u0432\u0438\u043a\u0438\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/1\/10\/Notification-icon-MediaWiki-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-MediaWiki-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/1\/10\/Notification-icon-MediaWiki-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-MediaWiki-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.mediawiki.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"mw:\"><em>\u041c\u0435\u0434\u0438\u0430\u0432\u0438\u043a\u0438<\/em> <small>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438-\u0434\u0432\u0438\u0436\u043e\u043a<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/6\/67\/Notification-icon-Wikidata-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Wikidata-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0434\u0430\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0435\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/6\/67\/Notification-icon-Wikidata-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/6\/67\/Notification-icon-Wikidata-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Wikidata-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.wikidata.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"d:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0434\u0430\u043d\u043d\u044b\u0435<\/em> <small>\u0411\u0430\u0437\u0430 \u0437\u043d\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0439<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/7\/76\/Notification-icon-Commons-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Commons-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0441\u043a\u043b\u0430\u0434\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/7\/76\/Notification-icon-Commons-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Commons-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/7\/76\/Notification-icon-Commons-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Commons-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/commons.wikimedia.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"c:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0441\u043a\u043b\u0430\u0434<\/em> <small>\u0425\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0438\u043b\u0438\u0449\u0435 \u043c\u0435\u0434\u0438\u0430\u0444\u0430\u0439\u043b\u043e\u0432<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/4\/47\/Notification-icon-Wikivoyage-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Wikivoyage-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0433\u0438\u0434\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/4\/47\/Notification-icon-Wikivoyage-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Wikivoyage-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/4\/47\/Notification-icon-Wikivoyage-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Wikivoyage-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/ru.wikivoyage.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"voy:\"><em>\u0412\u0438\u043a\u0438\u0433\u0438\u0434<\/em> <small>\u041f\u0443\u0442\u0435\u0432\u043e\u0434\u0438\u0442\u0435\u043b\u044c<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"main-wikimedia-listItem\"><img alt=\"\" src=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/8\/86\/Notification-icon-Meta-logo.svg\/48px-Notification-icon-Meta-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" title=\"\u041c\u0435\u0442\u0430-\u0432\u0438\u043a\u0438\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" srcset=\"\/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/8\/86\/Notification-icon-Meta-logo.svg\/72px-Notification-icon-Meta-logo.svg.png 1.5x, \/\/upload.wikimedia.org\/wikipedia\/commons\/thumb\/8\/86\/Notification-icon-Meta-logo.svg\/96px-Notification-icon-Meta-logo.svg.png 2x\" data-file-width=\"30\" data-file-height=\"30\"><a href=\"https:\/\/meta.wikimedia.org\/wiki\/\" class=\"extiw\" title=\"m:\"><em>\u041c\u0435\u0442\u0430-\u0432\u0438\u043a\u0438<\/em> <small>\u041a\u043e\u043e\u0440\u0434\u0438\u043d\u0430\u0446\u0438\u044f \u0441\u043e\u043e\u0431\u0449\u0435\u0441\u0442\u0432 \u0438 \u0434\u043e\u043a\u0443\u043c\u0435\u043d\u0442\u0430\u0446\u0438\u044f<\/small><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<p class=\"mw-empty-elt\">\n<\/p>\n\n\n\n\n<\/section><\/div><noscript><img src=\"\/\/ru.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Special:CentralAutoLogin\/start?type=1x1&mobile=1\" alt=\"\" title=\"\" width=\"1\" height=\"1\" style=\"border: none; position: absolute;\" \/><\/noscript><\/div><div 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